Practice in identifying adjective clauses thoughtco. Decide if the red words form a dependent or independent clause. Because it had snowed all night, i had terrible problems getting to school. Nonrestrictive clauses unfamiliar and complexsounding grammatical terms can often intimidate people.
To ace the act english test, youll need to know how to work with clauses, including how to patch them together into sentences. Independent and dependent clauses quiz turtle diary. A relative clause is essential when you need the information it provides. A nonrestrictive clause is a clause that provides nonessential information. Test your students knowledge of ela with turtle diary s identifying words as dependent or independent clause part 2 quiz. Sometimes an adjective clause modifies an entire sentence. A clause is a group of words that has both a subject and a predicate. Tenses printable pdf worksheets for english language learners intermediate level b1. Then choose the best answer to complete each sentence. Richard nordquist is professor emeritus of rhetoric and english at georgia southern university and the author of several universitylevel grammar and composition textbooks. Part 3 of the test will require you to determine what type of phrase the italicize group of words are. Noun clauses test 2 in each of the following, select one correct answer.
This clause, by definition, must be an independent or principle or main clause. Acting as a noun a noun clause is a type of subordinate clause. Some noun clauses begin with words such as that, what, why, or other words that. I caught a ride with tony, whose car barely made it up the hill.
This is the application that you need to enter the competition. Defining and nondefining relative clauses test english. If both who or that can be used, write who or that. Chapter14 i adjective clauses 231 occasionally, other words may come between the antecedent and the adjective clause. They are always set off from the rest of the sentence with a comma or pair of commas or dashes because they are parenthetical elements.
If a subordinate clause acts as a subject of a verb or object of a transitive verb, we say this subordinate clause is a noun clause. These notes will serve as one of your main sources of information on the topic so be sure to take complete notes. It does not express a complete thought and is not a complete sentence. For each sentence, choose either phrase or clause for the group of words that are underlined.
The verb in adjective clause must be singular if the subject of the relative pronoun refers to a singular noun. May 30, 2019 lila, who lives in a trailer with some scrappy dogs and cats, has been the fire warden for 30 years. An independent clause can stand on its own as a sentence. Fill in the blanks with an appropriate subordinating conjunction. You will also find a subordinate conjunction that keeps the clause from expressing a complete thought. Choose from 500 different sets of grammar test phrases clauses flashcards on quizlet. If a subordinate clause qualifies a noun, and we say this subordinate clause is an adjective clause. Before you go home today, you need to go to the office and pay for the school trip. Unlike an independent clause, a dependent clause cannot stand by itself, and it does not convey a complete thought. This page has lots of examples of nonrestrictive clauses and an interactive, printable exercise. Jul 28, 2014 a noun clause serves the same purpose as a noun. Prepare them to get excited about learning as they move to harder topics.
A compound sentence has two independent or more clauses joined by one of the fanboys. Adjectives elementary intermediate level upper intermediate advanced level home. The flavor which is my favorite is definitely chocolate. Chapter 6 phrases, clauses, and sentences chapter checkin recognizing phrases identifying independent and subordinate clauses understanding sentences clauses and phrases are the building blocks of sentences. A phrase is a group of words that lacks either a subject, a predicate, or both. Defining vs nondefining relative clauses in a defining relative clause the information is essential to identify who or what we are talking about, whereas in nondefining relative clauses we just add extra the information, which is not necessary. Patricia wanted to know if her dad would give her a ride to school. Complete these sixteen sentences to score your knowledge of relative clauses. The clause, that economists considered supply and demand theory to be inconsequential prior to keynes work in the 1930s, is a noun clause. Esl english relative clauses quiz 2 online english. Explain that this is referred to as ambidexterity or being ambidextrous. Read pages 94100 in language network and take notes.
English grammar quiz noun clauses 2 practice using. Absolute phrases modify the whole sentence rather than a particular part of it. Relative pronouns relative pronouns are the words that introduce relative clauses. If plural, then the verb will be in the plural form. A dependent clause typically begins with a subordinate conjunction, which is a word that connects two clauses. Relative clauses defining and nondefining test english. The adjective clause recognize an adjective clause when you see one. Here the noun clause that i will pass the test is the object of the verb believe. Choose q if the underlined part is a question and nc if it is a noun clause. The sentence is meaningless without the relative clause.
Phrases, clauses, and sentences john keith 2 types of sentences a simple sentence has only one clause. Finally, you will notice that the clause answers one of these four adverb questions. Learn grammar test phrases clauses with free interactive flashcards. Meg whitman, who left the company to go into politics, helped make ebay a success. Next, it will begin with a relative pronoun who, whom, whose, that, or which or a relative adverb when, where, or why. In sentences, noun clauses act as subjects, direct objects and indirect objects and almost always establish what. They can act as the subject or the object of the relative clause. Here the noun clause that she has won the prize acts as the subject of the verb surprised. Grammar adjective clauses instructions for the teacher this exercise is a supplement to the exercises of in charge 1, unit 7, pages 85 through 88. A noun clause can act as the subject or object of the verb in the main clause. The students will ask their teacher when the final exam is.
Only some of the sentences below contain adjective clauses also. Therefore, this type of clause must rely on another clause to make the thought complete. My brother who lives in cardiff is much older than me. However once you get used to the vocabulary, talking about and understanding grammar becomes easier. Thus, the relative clause is essential and requires no commas.
An adjective clausealso called an adjectival or relative clausewill meet three requirements. English test on infinitives, gerunds, participles, adjective clauses, adverb clauses, and noun clauses. Part 5 of the test will require you to determine whether the italicize prepositional phrase is adjectival or adverbial. Mike, whose ancestors came from ireland, marched in the st. Textual values 333 if from a syntactic point of view the structure of a complex sentence does not undergo changes depending on the place of the subordinate clause, in terms of thematic structure the arrangement of the clauses makes it possible for either of the two types to perform theme role. A clause is a group of words consisting of a noun and a verb which may or may not be a complete sentence. Noun clauses practice 1 noun clauses can be difficult but they are very useful for asking questions in a less direct and softer way. A subordinate conjunction introduces a subordinate clause. The relative pronoun is always which, and the clause is always nonrestrictive. Nonrestrictive clause what is a nonrestrictive clause. A dependent clause doesnt have verbs or subjects, while an. Complete each sentence with a properly formed noun clause. The company hired meg whitman, who knew a lot about business. Heres a list of all the relative clause exercises on the site.
Go to the links below in order to learn how to recognize independent and subordinate clauses as well as the five types of phrases that we will study. An adjective clause can follow any noun in a sentence. Complete the second sentence with an infinitive in place of the noun clause. Relative pronouns have the same form when they refer to masculine, feminine, singular or plural nouns. Vera should be more aggressive to frighten her competitors more. Diagram the sentence and, to the side of your diagram, indicate what job each clause is doing. To begin with, ask your students if any of them can use both hands with equal ease. Relative clauses b1 pdf worksheets english practice.
A how long this plane will be b how long will be this plane c how long will this plane be d that how long this plane will be 2. Part 4 of the test will require you to determine whether the italicize group of words in a clause or a phrase. There are two types of relative clauses, defining and nondefining. We decided to have a picnic although the weather wasnt very good. Learn to spot the differences between phrases and clauses. A phrase is a group of words that act as a part of speech but cannot stand alone as a sentence. In the grammar chart below, you can see the main differences between them. To know which dog we are talking about, we must have the information in the relative clause. November 2, 2011 by thetongueuntied leave a comment.329 1429 944 775 1213 403 1213 389 239 1200 882 1553 165 101 1384 1389 451 1401 436 57 830 8 161 341 812 565 637 341 1171 1203 234 1493 720 299 1267 1090 795